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वन्दे मातरम् : "विशिष्ट सेवा पदक" गृहीता बिगेडियर सावंत







वन्दे मातरम् :  "विशिष्ट सेवा पदक" गृहीता बिगेडियर सावंत  





"वन्दे मातरम्'  के विरुद्ध अभी हाल ही देवबंद में दिए गए फतवे के समाचार से कौन भारतीय परिचित अथवा आक्रोशित / दु:खी न होगा | उस कार्यक्रम से सम्बंधित 2 समाचार मेरे दृष्टि में आए हैं, जिन्हें क्रमशः यहाँ, यहाँ, यहाँ, यहाँ  यहाँ और यहाँ देखा जा सकता है | यदि किसी के पास रामदेव जी की वन्देमातरम के विरुद्ध जारी हुए फतवे पर उस कार्यक्रम में दी गई  किसी प्रतिक्रिया की कोई जानकारी हो तो कृपया यहाँ बाँटें |

इस  बीच मुझे राष्ट्रपति द्वारा "विशिष्ट सेवा पदक " प्राप्त ब्रिगेडियर चित्तरंजन सावंत जी का अंग्रेजी में लिखा एक सुचिंतित आलेख उनसे प्राप्त हुआ है, जिसे सभी के लाभार्थ यहाँ प्रकाशित कर रही हूँ|

ब्रिगेडियर चित्तरंजन सावंत जी का परिचय तो यों काफी विशद है, उनके सेना के कार्य अनुभव के साथ साथ; किन्तु हिन्दी-भारत के अपने पाठकों के लिए यहाँ यह बताना अनिवार्य है कि गत ३६ वर्ष से प्रतिवर्ष गणतंत्र दिवस व स्वतंत्रता दिवस पर पर लालकिले की प्राचीर तथा राजपथ से "आँखों देखा हाल " का हिन्दी में गूँजता स्वर  ब्रिगेडियर सावंत जी का ही होता है, जिसकी गहराई, उच्चारण, गति, ओज, राष्ट्रनिष्ठा लोगों को चुम्बक की तरह खींचती है (पहले दूरदर्शन से एवं अब Zee तथा सहारा समय ) | .... तो सब के चहेते व राष्ट्र एवं संस्कृति संबन्धी विमर्शों में निरंतर रत रहने वाले सावंत जी की लेखनी से प्रसूत यह आलेख पढें| अपने विचारों से अवगत कराएँ व इस  पर अपनी राय भी दें| 

- कविता वाचक्नवी 






VANDE MATARAM


By Brig Chitranjan Sawant,VSM 


Vande Mataram had indeed worked like a Ved mantra. This is what the author and poet, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyaya had prophesied in answer to the criticism that the words used in the song were too difficult to pronounce. He said to his critics "I may not live to see its popularity, but this song will be sung by every Indian like a Ved mantra". How true his words were. The history of the Indian freedom struggle bears a testimony to it. Vande Mataram has spontaneity and emotional appeal to arouse patriotism even in a slavish heart. The song has the capability to transcend barriers of caste, creed, region and religion. It was sung with gusto by patriotic Indians throughout the length and breadth of Bharat. When the song was sung , with the fading notes of the last stanza, the emotionally surcharged crowd of men and women would raise the slogan : Bharat Mata Ki Jai. The sound and the echo shook the mighty British Empire to its foundation.








Bankim babu wrote Vande Mataram in one sitting in his native village, Naihati, just a few miles away from the metropolis, Calcutta..It was Akshay Naomi which fell on a Sunday on 7 November 1875 and Bankim babu, a Deputy Collector of the British Raj was relaxing in his ancestral home. His mind and heart were in turmoil. The English masters were forcing their own national anthem, God Save the Queen, down the throat of all Indians. Bankim babu felt the divine inspiration and words came pouring out of his heart and on to his pen. An immortal song, Vande Mataram, stood composed. It was seven years later that Vande Mataram was incorporated in the famous novel of the author, Anand Math, dealing with the history of the Sanyasi uprising in Dacca, North Bengal and other places from 1763 to 1780. The Dharm Yudh was against the foreign domination. The English and their collaborators were targeted. The saints uprising has inspired the youth of Bengal ever since. Indeed, it was a never fading source of inspiration for the patriots all over Bharat




No less a person than Gurudev Ravindra Nath Tagore lent his voice to Vande Mataram when he sang it in the session of the Indian National Congress in Calcutta in 1896. It was a stirring moment, although the tempo was rather slow compared to that of the rendering of Vande Mataram by Lata Mangeshkar in the movie, Anand Math. Nevertheless, Vande Mataram had come out of the rural landscape to play its all important role on the national stage. Bengal loved the song and the rest of India was not far behind. Vande Mataram was sung in many tunes, in many languages by many men and women voluntarily. North, South, East and West of India were equally involved.


1905 was the high noon of the national fervour that Vande Mataram generated. Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy, passed a decree dividing Bengal into two parts, east and west. The British are at their best when they play the game called, Divide and Rule. However, it was rather unfortunate for the rulers that the Bang Bhang united India as a whole. Men and women of all faiths walked the streets of towns and talukas of Bengal singing Vande Mataram with religious fervour. It was a sight to be seen to be believed. The decree of Curzon was rescinded. But the British were back to their game of dividing the united people. They made some elements believe that singing Vande Mataram was a sign of Hindu domination. Their trick worked. The bogey of religion took its toll. The Muslim League was born. No one was happier than the British masters.





The Indian National Congress, at its Varanasi session , adopted Vande Mataram as the national song on 7th September 1905. The cohesive spirit that the song generated could not be lost sight of by the national leaders. The momentous decision was taken unanimously a century ago. Since then the national song is sung at all sessions not only of the Congress but also the Bhartiya Janata Party and some others. It is sung in the closing session of the parliament too. Truly national in word and deed.



Vande Mataram has all along been a song of patriotism and unification. Gandhi and Jinnah sang it together on the Congress platform till the latter quit the Congress as he was a non-believer in the principle of Swaraj . Of course, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Shri Purshottam Das Tandon, born rivals, were in the forefront in singing Vande Mataram at the beginning of the session everywhere. Shri Rafi Ahmad Kidwai , out and out a nationalist, never had a second thought about singing Vande Mataram. Nevertheless, the divisive forces were working overtime at the behest of their British masters to upset the applecart. How sad, the mischief mongers had their way. The rest is history. Is history repeating itsef ? Time alone will tell.




Singing Vande Mataram the Indian people had waged the war of Independence non-violently. The song was all along the National Anthem to the rank and file of freedom fighters. A committee comprising Nehru, Azad, Subhash Bose and Narendra Dev had said that the first two stanzas of the song had no reference to any religion and should be our anthem. It came as a rude shock when the controversial decision to make Jana Gana Mana the national anthem was announced on 24 January 1950. However, the words of Dr Rajendra Prasad, President of the Constituent Assembly, came as a soothing balm. He said, "…the song Vande Mataram , which has played a historic part in the struggle for Indian freedom, shall be honoured equally with Jana Gana mana and shall have equal status with it."



Taking a look at the English translation of Vande Mataram, done by Shree Aurobindo, one may safely surmise that the storm in a tea cup brewing at the behest of separatists will blow away and patriotism will prevail. The stanzas of the song are given below :




Mother, I bow to Thee !
Rich with thy hurrying streams
Bright with orchard gleams.
Cool with thy winds of delight
Green fields waving Mother of might,
Mother free.
Glory of moonlight dreams,
Over thy branches and lordly streams,
Clad in thy blossoming trees,
Mother, giver of ease
Laughing low and sweet!
Mother I kiss thy feet,
Speaker sweet and low!
Mother, to thee I bow




Indeed the original song in Bangala with a rich dose of Sanskrit words is soul stirring. Although the British government in India had banned the national song Vande Mataram, it surfaced and resurfaced. The British failed in suppressing the spirit of independence. The Indians won their freedom. Let us now all sing in unison the song of the People,

VANDE MATARAM.

________________________
Upvan, 609, Sector 29, NOIDA – 201303, INDIA 







वन्दे मातरम् : "विशिष्ट सेवा पदक" गृहीता बिगेडियर सावंत वन्दे मातरम् :  "विशिष्ट सेवा पदक" गृहीता बिगेडियर सावंत Reviewed by Kavita Vachaknavee on Wednesday, November 04, 2009 Rating: 5

4 comments:

  1. जिस गीत ने क्रांति ला दी उसी गीत का बहिष्कार करके लोग अपनेआपको इस राष्ट्र से कैसे जोड़ते हैं और उनके इस कथन को मान भी लिया जाता है!!

    ReplyDelete
  2. राष्ट्र-गान का दर्जा तो "वन्दे मातरम्" गीत को ही मिलना चाहिए था।
    परन्तु दुर्भाग्य ही कहा जायेगा कि ऐसा नही हो पाया।

    ReplyDelete
  3. कविता जी, क्‍या इस्‍लाम में यह नहीं सिखाया गया है कि एक अच्‍छे इंसान का अपने पड़ोसियों के साथ कैसा बर्ताव होना चाहिए.. और क्‍या माँ के कदमों तले ज़न्‍नत है- यह पंक्ति किसी फुटपाथी किताब की है.. आखिर इन लोगों के जे़हन में वह कौन सा काँटा है जो इन्‍हें अम्‍नोचैन के साथ जीने नहीं दे रहा है।

    ReplyDelete
  4. वन्दे मातरम सिर्फ एक गीत न होकर पूरे स्वातंत्र्य संघर्ष का बीजमंत्र था। अफसोस होता है यह देखकर कि कुछ कठमुल्ले कैसे एक पूरी क़ौम के लिये Do's & Don'ts का फैसला कर लेते हैं...!

    वन्दे मातरम

    ReplyDelete

आपकी सार्थक प्रतिक्रिया मूल्यवान् है। ऐसी सार्थक प्रतिक्रियाएँ लक्ष्य की पूर्णता में तो सहभागी होंगी ही,लेखकों को बल भी प्रदान करेंगी।। आभार!

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